Using Lasers to Treat Gum Disese
Periodontal inflammation at the microscopic level is difficult to treat manually. The use of lasers in treating periodontal disease (gum disease) helps reach inaccessible bacteria colonies at the microscopic level. The focused light of the laser destroys these colonies while at the same time creates an ideal environment for healing.
Pockets of bacteria that are 3mm or less can be cleaned through routine brushing, flossing, and rinsing. If however, you have pockets of bacteria that are greater than 3mm deep, it will be impossible for you to clean them manually. If not treated by your dentist, the debris and bacteria living at the bottom of these pockets will lead to chronic gum infection.
Treatment of Chronic Gum Disease
At the Smile Dental Centre, we recommend non-surgical treatment for most patients with periodontal disease. With proper home care and participation, this often alleviates the problem.
Scaling and Root Planning
Scaling and root planning is a process where our hygienist goes around each tooth to remove the debris and calcified deposits causing the irritation. This manual process removes the major reservoir of periodontal bacteria and prepares the gums and teeth for the laser treatment.
Once the tartar and surface bacteria are removed, a laser is used to selectively remove diseased and infected tissues lining the pockets around your teeth. The laser kills the bacteria causing your gum disease and promotes healing of the gums around your teeth. This also helps increase circulation and collagen formation at the bottom of the pockets and the rejuvenation the gums’ attachment to the teeth.
Does the Treatment Hurt?
The use of lasers in periodontal treatment allows for precise control in eliminating deep bacteria deposits and provides complete comfort for patients, with little pain. Not only do lasers remove diseased tissue, but they can be used to seal blood vessels and nerve endings. Because of this, laser treatment results in reduced bleeding, much less discomfort and requires very little or no anesthetic during the procedure.
For further information on the use of laser in dental procedures, see the Academy of Laser Dentistry’s website: www.laserdentistry.org